is a small country founded in 1948 in the Middle East between
the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
Israel was established on May 14, 1948, as a Jewish state. Israel
is located at the land bridge between Asia and Africa and has
had a full share of history. But Israel is not all ancient and
religious sites, for Israel is also a thriving and modern nation
packed full of attractions. From the sanctity of the old city
of Jerusalem to the chaos of Tel Aviv discotheques to the dazzling
corals of the Red Sea, Israel has something for everybody.
-- The Holy Land
is considered the Holy Land for Christians, Jews, and Muslims
holding many holy sites from the biblical era. Many tourists and
pilgrims come to Israel for Holy land tours. The diversity of
sacred sites invites all religions and denominations: Christian
holy land tours, Catholic holy land tours, as well as Jewish and
Muslim Holy land tours to places held sacred such as: Jerusalem,
the holy city for Christianity, Judaism and Islam, "Sea of
Galilee" where Jesus walked on water according to Christian
tradition, Nazareth, the birth place of Jesus, and many more.
is home to a diverse population from many ethnic, religious, cultural
and social backgrounds. Of its more than 5.5 million population,
we can find Jews, Arabs, Druze Bedouins, Circassian and many other
minorities. After Israel was founded as a national home for the
Jewish people, many Jews from around the world have immigrated
there, creating a melting pot of different cultures and languages.
The wealth of different ethnic groups creates a beautiful mosaic
of traditions, as can be seen in the language, music and food
of the people in Israel.
official languages of Israel are Hebrew and Arabic. English is
widely used as a second language, and recently Russian has become
of religion and the inviolability of the holy places and centres
of worship for all religions are guaranteed by law. The main practiced
religions are Judaism 80.1%, Islam 14.6%, Christians 2.1% and
others 3.2%. All three of the major western religions have special
places of worship in Israel, many of the located in Israel's capital,
despite being a small country, has a very diverse climate. Mediterranean
in the north and arid in the south. In summer the cloudless skies
and no precipitation are the norm. In winter, the southern half
of the country remains under the subtropical high keeping it dry,
but weather in the northern half is influenced by depressions
that pass over the Mediterranean, bringing moderate rainfall.
Precipitation in the north averages 700 mm (28 in), falling primarily
from October to March. Rainfall amounts diminish rapidly to the
south making the southern end of Israel, the Negev, an arid desert
area. Average summer temperatures range from 18 degrees to 32
degrees C (65 degrees to 90 degrees F) over most of the country.
Winters are quite mild, with temperatures averaging 14 degrees
C (57 degrees F) along the coast and 9 degrees C (48 degrees F)
in the mountains.
mild climate in Israel makes it comfortable all year round. In
the winter, Eilat and the Dead Sea in the south of Israel offer
warm sunny beaches and clear blue skies even in the height of
winter. Five hours away by car, one can ski on the slopes of Mount
Hermon. Spring and fall offer the splendor of Israel's natural
beauty at its best. Hike in the serene beauty of Israel's deserts
or settle down and relax in among the blossoming flowers of the
Galilee. The summer heats things up making the sandy Mediterranean
beaches more attractive than ever. Don't forget to check out the
night life in Tel Aviv which is always hotter than the weather.
To Israel: Airlines And Destinations
to Israel leave daily from many worldwide destinations. Many airline
companies offer routine and chartered flights from European destinations.
Ninety percent of international flights land at Ben-Gurion (airport
code TLV or BGN), formerly known as Lod. Some international flights
from Europe, Cyprus and Jordan also arrive at Eilat Airport, Ouvda
Airport (40 miles north of Eilat) and at Haifa. Flights from Europe
take between three and six hours depending on port of departure.
Flights from India (New-Delhi) take around seven hours, and North
American flights take between twelve and sixteen hours to arrive
visitor to Israel must hold a valid passport. Visitors are allowed
to remain in Israel for up to three months from their date of
arrival, subject to the terms of the visa issued. Visitors who
intend to work in Israel must apply to the Ministry of the Interior
for a special visa.
Visas: Citizens of the following countries will be issued visitors'
visas free of charge at every port of entry into Israel:
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany (Persons born
after 1.1.28), Gibraltar, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands,
Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland.
& Oceania: Australia, Fiji Islands, Japan, Hong Kong, New
Zealand, Philippines, South Korea
Central African Republic, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, South Africa,
Americas: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile,
Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti,
Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, St. Kitts, & Nevis, Surinam,
Trinidad, & Tobago, The Bahamas, The Dominican Republic, Uruguay,
Visas: Visitors interested in stopping over in Israel en route
to other destinations may request five-day transit visas that
may be extended for a further ten days on arrival in Israel. Cruise
ship passengers visiting Israel will be issued Landing Cards allowing
them to remain in the country as long as their ship is in port.
No visa applications are required. Extending your visa: Visas
can be extended (for a small fee) at offices in the major cities.
obvious reasons security measures are especially stringent on
flights to Israel. For this reason it is advised to arrive well
before your flight as your luggage must be checked through airline
security. You may be questioned as to your luggage, destination
and purpose of visit to Israel. It is recommended as on all international
flights not to bring sharp or weapon-like items as these aren't
allowed aboard the plane, other than in the checked luggage. Security
measures taken by Israeli airlines have made them recognized as
the safest airlines in the world.
goods may be brought in duty and tax free if accompanying you
at the time of entry:
Clothing, footwear, and personal toiletries - of the type and
quantities that would normally be brought in a person's hand luggage.
Alcohol/spirits and wine -- for each entrant age 17 and above,
1 litre of alcohol/spirits and 2 litres of wine.
Alcoholic perfumes -- for each entrant, up to ¼ litre.
Cigarettes and other tobacco products -- for each entrant age
17 and above, up to 250 grams of tobacco products.
Other items not detailed above may be brought in as long as they
are for your own personal use or intended as a gift for another
person. The total value of such items should not exceed US$200.
Included within this amount, each entrant may bring in up to 3
kg. of foodstuff, provided that the weight of each kind of foodstuff
does not exceed 1 kg (source: Israeli Customs).
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